Izinto eziyingozi kanye nokuvinjelwa kwengozi kwe-piston air compressor

Ukuhlanzwa komoya kubhekisela ekumunceni kwe-compressor yomoya.Umkhathi udonswa kusihlungi somoya ngombhoshongo wokudonsa ophakeme ongu-25m.Umoya uhlanzwa ngesikhwama sendwangu yesihlungi senaliti bese uya ku-compressor yomoya.Umoya ohlungiwe ucindezelwa ku-0.67mpa ku-compressor yomoya, ugezwe futhi upholiswe umbhoshongo wokupholisa umoya, futhi uthunyelwe kusihlungi se-molecular for adsorption ukuze kukhishwe amanzi, i-carbon dioxide namanye ama-hydrocarbons.

Izici zengozi yomlilo nokuqhuma ohlelweni lokuhlanza umoya nokucindezelwa ikakhulukazi:

I-1) Umphumela wokuhlunga wesihlungi somoya awulungile, futhi okuqukethwe kothuli emoyeni kukhulu, okulula ukwenza i-carbon deposition;Umphumela we-adsorption we-sieve yama-molecular uyancipha, ukuze ama-hydrocarbons angene kukholomu elandelayo ye-distillation, futhi ukunqwabelana ngokweqile kungase kuholele ekushiseni nasekuqhumeni;

2) Kukhona okungalungile ngohlelo lwamanzi okupholisa.Amanzi apholisayo wei-compressor yomoyaukumiswa, ukunikezwa kwamanzi akwanele noma izinga lokushisa lamanzi liphezulu kakhulu, umphumela wokupholisa awumuhle, futhi izinga lokushisa ku-compressor liphezulu kakhulu, okuholela ekuqhekekeni okushisayo kwamafutha abushelelezi, okwenza i-carbon deposition ku-compressor bear. ihlathi, isilinda, ivalvu yomoya, ipayipi le-exhaust, i-cooler, isihlukanisi kanye ne-buffer tank.I-Carbon deposition iwuhlobo lwezinto ezivutha umlilo, ezingaholela ekufakweni kwekhabhoni kanye nokuvutha okuzenzakalelayo ngaphansi kokushisa okuphezulu kakhulu, umthelela wemishini kanye nomthelela wokugeleza komoya, Lapho ukugcwala kwama-carbon oxides (njenge-CO) kufinyelela umkhawulo wokuqhumisa, ukushiswa nokuqhunyiswa kuzokwenza zenzeka.

3) Iphampu yomjovo kawoyela noma iphutha lesistimu kawoyela ebushelelezi.Iphutha lephampu yomjovo kawoyela noma uhlelo lwamafutha olubushelelezi lwei-compressor yomoyakungaholela ekuntulekeni noma ekumisweni kokutholakala kwamafutha abushelelezi.Inkinga yekhwalithi yamafutha abushelelezi ingaholela kumphumela ompofu obushelelezi.Ukungqubuzana kwemishini kanye nokushisisa kwe-compressor kuba umthombo wokuthungela umlilo nokuqhunyiswa kwesistimu ye-compressor yomoya.Ukuhlanzwa komoya kubhekisela ekumunceni kwe-compressor yomoya.Umkhathi udonswa kusihlungi somoya ngombhoshongo wokudonsa ophakeme ongu-25m.Umoya uhlanzwa ngesikhwama sendwangu yesihlungi senaliti bese uya ku-compressor yomoya.Umoya ohlungiwe ucindezelwa ku-0.67mpa ku-compressor yomoya, ugezwe futhi upholiswe umbhoshongo wokupholisa umoya, bese uthunyelwa kusihlungi se-molecular for adsorption ukuze kukhishwe amanzi, i-carbon dioxide namanye ama-hydrocarbons.

Ukuhlaziywa kobungozi kanye nokulimala kanye nokuvimbelai-compressor yomoya

Ukwenzeka okungavamile kwe-compressor kanye nezingxenye zayo ezisekelayo kungase kubangele ukwehluleka kwe-compressor yomoya noma ukuqhuma kwe-compressor.i-compressor yomoya.

1. Ukuhlaziywa kwengozi kanye nokuqagela kwesigameko se-compressor yomoya

(1) Ngenxa yokuthi umoya unomsebenzi we-oxidation, ikakhulukazi ngaphansi kwengcindezi ephezulu, uhlelo lokuthutha lunezinga eliphezulu lokugeleza, ngakho-ke ingozi yesistimu ayinayo ingozi ye-oxidation (ukushisa), kodwa futhi ingozi yokugqoka nokungqubuzana kwesivinini esiphezulu. .Ngoba isilinda, accumulator

Ipayipi lokuthutha emoyeni (i-exhaust) lingaqhuma ngenxa yezinga lokushisa elingaphezu kwamandla kanye nokucindezela ngokweqile.Ngakho-ke, izinga lokushisa lomshini lazo zonke izingxenye ze-compressor lizolawulwa ngaphakathi kwebanga elivumelekile.

(2) Ingxube kawoyela abushelelezi we-athomu noma okuphuma kuwo anomoya ocindezelwe kungabangela ukuqhuma.

(3) Uphawu lwamafutha lwe-compressor aluhlangabezani nezidingo zesistimu ebushelelezi noma igesi yokungena emoyeni, ukuze inani elikhulu lamafutha nama-hydrocarbons lingene futhi liqoqwe ezingxenyeni eziphansi zesistimu, njengama-flanges, ama-valve, ama-bellows kanye ne-reducer.Ngaphansi komphumela wegesi ephezulu yokucindezela, kancane kancane i-atomized, i-oxidized, i-coking, i-carbonized futhi iyahlukaniswa, ibe yizimo ezingase ziqhume.

(4) Umoya ongcolile, ukuhlanzwa okungajwayelekile kwesistimu kanye nokushintshwa kwamakhaza nokushisayo kungase kubangele ukugqwala odongeni lwangaphakathi lwepayipi, kuxebuke ngaphansi komphumela wegesi enesivinini esikhulu futhi kube umthombo wokuthungela.

(5) Isimo esingazinzile nesikhuphukayo ngesikhathi sokucindezelwa komoya singaholela ekukhuphukeni okungazelelwe kwezinga lokushisa eliphakathi nendawo.Lokhu kungenxa yomphumela wokufinyezwa kwe-adiabatic oyingxenye yoketshezi (umoya) ohlelweni ngaphansi komphumela ongazelelwe.

(6) Ngesikhathi sokulungiswa nokufakwa, uketshezi oluvuthayo olunjengezinto zokukhuhla, uphalafini kanye nophethiloli kuwela kumasilinda, izamukeli zomoya kanye namapayipi omoya, okungaholela ekuqhumeni lapho i-compressor yomoya iqalwa.

(7) Amandla omshini wengxenye ecindezelwe yohlelo lokucindezela awahlangabezani nokucaciswa.

(8) Umfutho womoya ocindezelwe udlula umthetho.Izimo ezingenhla zingaholela ezinkingeni ze-compressor yomoya noma ukuqhuma kwe-compressor yomoya.

2. Ukuvimbela izingozi ze-compressor emoyeni

(1) I-compressor yomoya kanye nethangi elisekelayo lokugcina kanye nesistimu yamapayipi kuzohlelwa ngokuhambisana nemininingwane yokuhlela kazwelonke efanele.Isihlungi esomile kufanele sifakwe ngaphambi kwepayipi lokumunca le-compressor enkulu yomoya.

(2) Ngemva kokuba umoya ucindezelwe, izinga lokushisa likhuphuka kakhulu, futhi isigaxa somoya kufanele sifakwe uhlelo lokupholisa olusebenzayo.Ngohlelo lwamanzi okupholisa lwe-compressor enkulu yomoya, isisetshenziswa sokuvikela sokunqanyulwa kwamanzi esinqamulelayo kufanele sibe nezimo futhi sithembeke.Uma ukuhlinzekwa kwamanzi kuma ngesikhathi sokusebenza, ukuhlinzekwa kwamanzi okuphoqelekile kuvinjelwe ngokuqinile, futhi kudinga ukumiswa ukuze kusetshenziswe ukwelashwa.

(3) Ukuhlelwa nokusebenza kwethangi lokugcina umoya kuzohambisana nemithetho yemithetho yokuqondisa kumakhono okuphepha emikhumbi yokucindezela, kanye nokuboniswa kwengcindezi edingekayo, ukulawulwa kokucindezela ngokweqile kanye nezinhlelo ze-alamu kuzofakwa.Uma kunesidingo, izisetshenziswa ezixhumene zizohlelwa.

(4) I-compressor yomoya enkulu izohlonyiswa ngezinto ezihlanganisa i-alamu njengokuhlinza, ukudlidliza, umfutho kawoyela, ukuhlinzekwa kwamanzi, ukugudluzwa kwe-shaft kanye nezinga lokushisa elithwalayo ngokuya ngezimpawu zemishini.Ukuhlolwa kwe-Airdrop kuzokwenziwa ngaphambi kokuqala.

(5) Umoya onokucindezela okuthile unokutholakala kwe-oxidizability okuqinile.Ngakho-ke, ngesikhathi sokugcinwa nokuthuthwa komoya, uwoyela obushelelezi nezinye izinto eziphilayo kufanele kuvinjelwe ngokuqinile ukuthi zingaxubani kuwo, ukuze kuvinjwe amafutha nezinye izinto eziphilayo ukuthi zifakwe i-oxidized futhi zishise noma ziqhume ohlelweni.

(6) Ngesikhathi sokuhamba komoya ngesivinini esikhulu, ukugqwala nokungcola kwemishini kungase kushise.Ngakho-ke, isikhundla nokuphakama kwe-air inlet ngesikhathi sokusebenza kwe-compressor kuzohlangabezana nezidingo zokuphepha ukuvimbela ukungena kwezindaba zangaphandle.

(7) Uma kwenzeka ukunyakaza okungavamile kanye ne-static ngesikhathi sokusebenza kwe-compressor yomoya, yima ngokushesha ukuze uhlolwe futhi ulashwe.

(8) Ukuqala okubandayo okuqhubekayo kwe-compressor enkulu yomoya akufanele kudlule izikhathi ezintathu, futhi ukuqala okushisayo akufanele kudlule izikhathi ezimbili.


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Nov-23-2021